Export state support system of agricultural products in the Russian Federation
The paper considers the current system of state regulation and stimulation of export of agri-food products and agricultural raw materials by analyzing the existing regulatory framework and open official sources on the topic of the study, including the dynamics of budget level allocations that provide measures to promote domestic agricultural products to foreign markets. Therefore, the purpose of this article was to consider the current system of state regulation of agricultural and food exports and to predict the feasibility of implementing the export development plans approved by the passport of the federal project. The achievement of the goal was disclosed by solving several interrelated tasks: 1) planned target indicators for the volume and structure of agricultural exports of the Russian Federation, as well as basic tools for its promotion, were considered; 2) the retrospective and planned dynamics of the volumes of financial resources providing stimulation of agricultural and food exports to the Russian Federation are analyzed; 3) the real possibilities of achieving the target indicators for the export of agricultural products, as well as the processing and food industries have been predicted. The scientific hypothesis of this article was the authors' assumption about the difficulty of implementing plans for such a large-scale increase in the volume of exports of food and agricultural raw materials due to the unprecedented goals in the recent history of the Russian Federation, including taking into account the volatility of external political and market conditions. During the study, the goal of the article was achieved, and the scientific hypothesis was confirmed. The article analyzes the control indicators provided by passport of the federal project and ensuring its activities of financial resources of the federal budget in retrospect 2017−2019 and planning periods 2020–2022. The studies showed a tremendous increase in the level of financing of programs for the development of agricultural exports in reviewed period. The analysis predicted two options for possible implementation of federal project: optimistic and realistic. The study has revealed a number of shortcomings in the system of state regulation of agricultural exports, the most important of which is that the lion's share of all state support is concessional investment lending to subjects of foreign economic activity in agricultural sector.
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