Optimization of The Soil Agrophysical Properties for Spring Rape on Leached Black Soil

Keywords: Optimal density, soil physical properties, spring rape, yield rate, biometric indicators, vegetative mass, root system, black soil.

Abstract

An important agronomic task in cultivating spring rape is improving the physical properties of leached black soil, which are extremely important for increasing its productivity. A central role in the physics of these soils is played by studying its density, which helps regulate the soil processes and maintain favorable conditions for spring rape. According to the studies, the highest productivity of spring rape is observed in the case of the arable layer density of 1.00 – 1.10 g/cm3. Moreover, in the case of soil density of 1.10 g/cm3, productivity is better by 5.6 – 8.5 % than in the case of 1.00 g/cm3. The number of seeds per pod has increased especially strongly (by 13.8 %). In the subsurface layer (30 – 40 cm), soil density of 1.10 – 1.20 g/cm3 is optimal for spring rape growth and development.

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Author Biographies

Valentina Andreevna Gulidova, Bunin Yelets State University, Yelets, Russia.

Bunin Yelets State University, Yelets, Russia.

Vladimir Alexandrovich Kravchenko, Bunin Yelets State University, Yelets, Russia.

Bunin Yelets State University, Yelets, Russia.

Vyacheslav Leonidovich Zakharov, Bunin Yelets State University, Yelets, Russia.

Bunin Yelets State University, Yelets, Russia.

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Published
2020-05-18
How to Cite
Gulidova, V., Kravchenko, V., & Zakharov, V. (2020). Optimization of The Soil Agrophysical Properties for Spring Rape on Leached Black Soil. Amazonia Investiga, 9(29), 63-68. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2020.29.05.8
Section
Articles