Heuristic technologies of training in professional education

Keywords: heuristic technologies, professional education, problem-based learning, personality-oriented technologies, students.

Abstract

The changed educational paradigm has identified new educational goals expressed in the form of competencies of students, which they must master to carry out future professional activities at a high level and ensure their competitiveness in the labor market. Within the framework of the competence approach, practice-oriented education is developing, so higher education institutions seek to implement technologies that actively support this direction. The purpose of the article is to analyze the experience of implementing heuristic technologies as one of the most effective in the preparation of a teacher of vocational training. Features and essence of heuristic technologies, their value in modern preparation of students are revealed. The article presents a study that reflects the use of heuristic methods to improve the preparedness of students to perform their professional activities. In the formation of the ability to analyze professional and pedagogical situations-one of the most important professional competencies of future teachers of vocational training, the method of organized strategies (the method of strategies for working with information) was applied. Heuristic teaching methods bring positive results in the formation of the ability to analyze professional and pedagogical situations. The ability to work with information is an important part of the formation of this competence. We performed an analysis of the experience in implementing heuristic technologies, as one of the most effective in training a teacher of vocational training, revealed the features and essence of heuristic technologies, their significance in modern student training. Heuristic teaching methods bring positive results in the formation of the ability to analyze professional and pedagogical situations. Our methods of working with information contribute to more rapid training of teachers of vocational training. The results of testing students ' skills to work with information showed that after the introduction of heuristic methods, the results became much better, which contributes to the formation of this competence. The obtained data can be used in the preparation of students in other areas of teaching pedagogical university.

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Author Biographies

Olga I. Vaganova, Minin Nizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical University, Russia.

Candidate of pedagogical sciences, associate professor Minin Nizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical University, Russia.

Irina A. Petrozitskaya, Crimean branch of the Krasnodar University of the MIA of Russia.

Candidate of pedagogical sciences Crimean branch of the Krasnodar University of the MIA of Russia.

Angelica B. Snatovich, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Russia

V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Russia

Irina N. Odarich, Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education «Togliatti State University» Russia.

Lecturer of the chair «Industrial, civil construction and urban establishment» Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education «Togliatti State University» Russia.

Inna K. Kirillova, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Russia.

Candidate of pedagogical sciences, associate professor Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Russia.

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Published
2020-03-21
How to Cite
Vaganova, O., Petrozitskaya, I., Snatovich, A., Odarich, I., & Kirillova, I. (2020). Heuristic technologies of training in professional education. Amazonia Investiga, 9(27), 509-517. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2020.27.03.55
Section
Articles