Aspects of legal regulation of the provision of medical services

  • Oleksandr Shevchuk Department of Administrative Law and Administratively Activities, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4864-7316
  • Volodymyr Maryniv Department of Criminal Procedure, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine.
  • Yuliia Mekh Department of Administrative Law and Administratively Activities, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0191-1020
  • Oleksandra Shovkoplias Department of Administrative Law and Administratively Activities, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2617-8950
  • Oksana Saichuk Department of Administrative Law and Administratively Activities, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7139-0040
Keywords: health care, health insurance, health service, human rights, problems of right implementation.

Abstract

The article focuses on the need to respect human rights in the provision of medical services in Ukraine. It is strictly unacceptable to restrict citizens of Ukraine in receiving free medical services, since such a right is provided for by Art. 49 of the Constitution of Ukraine. It is proposed to consider that a medical service includes all types of medical care and is a special activity in relation to human health. The concept and main signs of medical services are revealed, it is established that the state, local governments, legal entities and individuals, including the patient, can be the customer of medical services. Ukrainian legislation governing the provision of medical services does not meet international standards. The positive experience of the EU countries (France, Denmark, Slovakia) and the world (Australia, Canada) shows that access to medical services is provided within the framework of medical insurance, in most cases free of charge, and is controlled by authorized state organizations.

The purpose of the article is to determine the content, signs of medical services, classification criteria for their subjects, disclose the features of their legal regulation, clarify the problems of legalization of medical services and improve legislation taking into account foreign experience. The research methodology is based on a systematic approach, which is determined by the specifics of the topic of the article, and is also associated with the use of general and special research methods. The comparative legal method and the method of legal analysis were used in the study of legislative rules governing the provision of medical services. Using the method of legal analysis, groups of subjects of medical legal relations in the field of medical services are determined and their powers are analyzed. The formal logical method was used to differentiate the criteria for distinguishing between the legal structures “medical care” and “medical service”. The results of the study contributed to the identification of certain legal problems that arise when citizens receive medical services and require immediate resolution. It is also advisable to introduce compulsory state health insurance.

Author Biographies

Oleksandr Shevchuk, Department of Administrative Law and Administratively Activities, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine.

Doctor of Law sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Administrative Law and Administratively Activities, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine.

Volodymyr Maryniv, Department of Criminal Procedure, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine.

PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal Procedure, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine.

Yuliia Mekh, Department of Administrative Law and Administratively Activities, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine.

PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Administrative Law and Administratively Activities, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine.

Oleksandra Shovkoplias, Department of Administrative Law and Administratively Activities, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine.

PhD in Law, Assistant of the Department of Administrative Law and Administratively Activities, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine.

Oksana Saichuk, Department of Administrative Law and Administratively Activities, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine.

PhD in Law, Assistant of the Department of Administrative Law and Administratively Activities, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine.

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Published
2020-03-21
How to Cite
Shevchuk, O., Maryniv, V., Mekh, Y., Shovkoplias, O., & Saichuk, O. (2020). Aspects of legal regulation of the provision of medical services. Amazonia Investiga, 9(27), 357-366. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2020.27.03.39
Section
Articles