Ensuring the Rights of the Person When Notifying of Suspicion or Detention on Suspicion of Committing a Criminal Offense
The article deals with topical theoretical and applied issues of ensuring the rights of a person when reporting suspicion or detention on suspicion of committing a criminal offense. The norms of the national legislation, the practice of the activity of the pre-trial proceeding bodies, the prosecutor's office and the legal positions of native courts and the European Court of Human Rights in the aspect of the investigated issue are analyzed. A strict adherence to the order to notify the person of the suspicion is emphasized, which is a guarantee of both the ensuring of the rights of the person suspected of committing a crime and the recognition of evidence as appropriate and admissible in the future. Attention is drawn to the positive changes in the content of the basis for ensuring the right to defense. A correct understanding by practitioners of the legislative provisions regarding reporting suspicion (chapter 22 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of Ukraine) and detention of a person on suspicion of committing a crime (Articles 207-213 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of Ukraine) will contribute to the unconditional fulfillment of the tasks of criminal proceedings. The purpose of the article was to study the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure of Ukraine regarding the regulation of ensuring personal rights when reporting suspicion or detention on suspicion of a criminal offense, identifying legislative gaps and forming on these basis relevant proposals to address them. The authors used such special methods of research as: system-structural, comparative-legal and statistical.
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