Standardisation of the Concept of Procedural Costs in the Criminal Procedure of Ukraine

  • Sergii Bortnyk The Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Kharkiv, Ukraine). https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0886-5861
  • Alexandr Kobzar Department of State Security of the Kiev Faculty of the National Academy of National Guard of Ukraine (Kiev, Ukraine). https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5422-235X
  • Ihor Chumachenko Department of Civil Law of Zaporizhzhia National University (Zaporozhye, Ukraine). https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3403-6103
  • Viktoriia Melnyk Department of Law Enforcement Activity and Policeistics of the Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Kharkiv, Ukraine). https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2491-757X
Keywords: Criminal proceedings, procedural costs, reimbursement and recovery of procedural costs, accused, court fees.

Abstract

The article reveals topical issues related to the legal regulation of procedural costs in the criminal procedure of Ukraine. It is emphasized that the legislative standardisation of this concept is important because, on the one hand, it is an integral economic component of the State, and on the other, the embodiment of the practical implementation of the principle of procedural economy. The author argues that, in contrast to the previous term, “court costs,” the term “procedural costs” in relation to this concept is more accurate, since such costs are connected not only with court proceedings but also with pre-trial investigation. The lawmaker's involvement of costs associated with providing legal aid in procedural costs is recognized as positive. The study of procedural costs under the legislation of individual foreign countries is considered, accordingly, the CPC of Ukraine should be amended. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that it is necessary to expand the list of procedural costs that today need reimbursement. In particular, the existing list of procedural costs should be added, as follows: 1) costs related to reimbursement of material losses incurred as a result of investigative (search) actions by victim witnesses and other participants involved in criminal proceedings; 2) costs related to applying security measures to participants in criminal proceedings and other persons who contribute to the prevention and disclosure of a criminal offense, as well as their close relatives; 3) costs, related to payment of lump sum cash assistance in the event of the decease (death) of a person or in the event of personal injury or other harm to his health in connection with participation in criminal proceedings. The aim of the article is to determine the modern model of the concept of procedural costs, to highlight its positive aspects and to form certain ways of its improvement on the basis of foreign experience study. To achieve this goal, the authors use historical, system-structural and comparative-legal methods, which enable to formulate scientific proposals and conclusions.

Author Biographies

Sergii Bortnyk, The Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Kharkiv, Ukraine).

Doctor of law sciences, The First Vice-Rector of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Kharkiv, Ukraine).

Alexandr Kobzar, Department of State Security of the Kiev Faculty of the National Academy of National Guard of Ukraine (Kiev, Ukraine).

Doctor of law sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of State Security of the Kiev Faculty of the National Academy of National Guard of Ukraine (Kiev, Ukraine).

Ihor Chumachenko, Department of Civil Law of Zaporizhzhia National University (Zaporozhye, Ukraine).

Doctor of law sciences, Professor of the Department of Civil Law of Zaporizhzhia National University (Zaporozhye, Ukraine).

Viktoriia Melnyk, Department of Law Enforcement Activity and Policeistics of the Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Kharkiv, Ukraine).

Ph. D., Associate Professor of the Department of Law Enforcement Activity and Policeistics of the Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Kharkiv, Ukraine).

References

Domin, Y. M. (2012). Protsesualni vytraty za novym KPK Ukrainy [Procedural costs according to the new CPC of Ukraine]. Yevropeiski perspektyvy [European Perspectives], 3(3), 47-51. (in Ukrainian).

Baliuk, M. I., Luspenyk, D. D. (2008). Praktyka zastosuvannia Tsyvilnoho protsesualnoho kodeksu Ukrainy (tsyvilnyi protses u pytanniakh i vidpovidiakh) Komentari, rekomendatsii, propozytsii [Practice of application of the Civil Procedure Code of Ukraine (civil process in questions and answers). Comments, recommendations, suggestions.]. Kh.: Kharkiv yurydychnyi, 708 p. (in Ukrainian)

Boglya, S.S. (2005). Sudovi vytraty u tsyvilnomu sudochynstvi [Court costs in civil legal proceedings] (Dissertation of Candidate of Juridical Sciences (Ph.D.) in speciality 12.00.03). Kharkiv, 235 p. (in Ukrainian).

Ugolovno-protsesualnyi kodeks Respubliki Belarus [Criminal Procedure Code of the Republic of Belarus] (Law of the Republic of Belarus no. 295-Z of June 16, 1999). Codes of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved from http://kodeksy.by/ugolovno-processualnyy-kodeks. (in Russian).

Sukhovenko, N.A. (2013). Protsessualnye izderzhki kak institut ugolovno-protsessualnogo prava [Procedural costs as the concept of criminal procedure law]. Vesník BDU [BSU Herald], 3(3), 77-81. (in Russian).

Ugolovno-protsesualnyi kodeks Gruzii [Criminal Procedure Code of Georgia] (Law of Georgia no. 1772-IIc of October 09, 2009). Retrieved from https://matsne.gov.ge/ru/document/download/90034/45/ru/pdf. (in Russian)

Ugolovno-protsesualnyi kodeks Republic of Moldova [Criminal Procedure Code of Moldova] (no. 122 of March 14, 2003). Retrieved from www.legislationline.orgdownloadactiondownloadid4272fileMoldova_CPC_am2012_ru.pdf. (in Russian).

Kuznetsov, O. Yu. (2005). Protsessualnye izderzhki, vyzvannyie realizatsiei printsipa yazyka ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva, i poriadok ikh vozmeshcheniia [The procedural costs caused by the implementation of the principle of the language of criminal proceedings and the procedure for their compensation]. Sovremennoe pravo [Modern Law], 9, 45. (in Russian).

Loboiko, L. M. (2014). Kriminalnyi protses: pidruchnyk. [Criminal procedure: Teaching manual]. K.: Istina, 432 p. (in Ukrainian).

Nazarov, V. V. (2013). Kriminalnyi protses Ukrainy [Criminal procedure of Ukraine] (Teaching Manual). K.: FOP O.S. Lipkan, 488 p. (in Ukrainian).

Demidov, V.N. (1995). Ugolovnyi protsess i materialnye zatraty [Criminal procedure and material costs]. M.: Publishing house «SPARK», 98 p. (in Russian)
Published
2020-01-04
How to Cite
Bortnyk, S., Kobzar, A., Chumachenko, I., & Melnyk, V. (2020). Standardisation of the Concept of Procedural Costs in the Criminal Procedure of Ukraine. Amazonia Investiga, 9(25), 344-349. Retrieved from https://amazoniainvestiga.info/index.php/amazonia/article/view/1078
Section
Articles