The main provisions of the evolutionary doctrine in economics
Today, in the economic theory, the mainstream is the following areas: neoclassical economic theory, neo-Keynesianism, monetarism, institutionalism. The basis of these areas is the principle of economic equilibrium. However, more and more economists see the economy not as an equilibrium, but, on the contrary, as a non-equilibrium system. In the framework of this study, the evolutionary economic theory is studied, which can become the theoretical basis for studying economics from the point of view of disequilibrium. For this purpose, the paper reveals the main provisions of evolutionary doctrine in economics, describes the evolutionary mechanisms of development in the economy (variability, heredity, selection, competition), defines the main elements of evolution in the economy (economic feasibility, levels of evolutionary transformation, evolutionary material in the economy, elementary evolutionary factors). This paper is part of a series that reveals the hypothesis that the evolutionary economic theory is a more general economic theory, from the position of which it is possible to more fully reveal the principles of behavior of individuals and institutions to maximize the satisfaction of material needs and on this basis to formulate an effective economic policy of individuals and institutions, including the state.
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