Efficiency of state regulation and subsiding of the dairy cattle industry in the Russian Federation from the view of indicative planning agricultural industry
The agro-industrial complex and the dairy cattle-breeding industry in Russia receive quite serious and diverse state support, including from various directions of budget financing. Not the entire volume of state subsidies contributes directly to the development of the dairy cattle breeding industry, while it is difficult to single out the exact amounts that affect the industry's development indicators. Budget support to agricultural producers is provided with an orientation to achieving the country's food security in the product category of milk and dairy products, as well as the necessary production indicators of the industry. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to identify the main directions and the size of state budget support for the dairy subcomplex in the Russian Federation, as well as to analyze the dynamics of dairy industry development indicators and its economic efficiency, including correlation with the amount of budget support. Our purpose requires the following tasks: 1) consideration of the regulatory framework for state regulation of dairy cattle breeding; 2) analysis of the dynamics of budget financial support for the dairy cluster; 3) assessment of the current state of the industry; 4) a correlation analysis of the development indicators of the dairy industry and the size of budget support. The authors used the following methods of economic research: monographic (study of scientific sources), abstract-logical, analysis and synthesis, comparison and correlation analysis. By calculating the Pearson correlation coefficient, the relationships between various factors and the development results of the dairy industry were revealed, including the dependence of its development indicators and reporting indicators on dairy cattle breeding depending on the volume of federal allocations. In the summarizing part of the article, relevant conclusions and suggestions are developed.
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